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Cone & Seed Insects

Insects may attack conifer reproductive structures at any time from cone bud initiation through to cone collection and seed extraction. Insects that seriously damage cones and seeds are problematic, for the most part, during the pollination period and early cone development. However, some are likely to be encountered during cone collection and processing. This chapter discusses identification of these important insects and the practical significance of their actions to seedlots (Table 1, page 14).

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Publication: Seed Handling Guidebook