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Home Publications National Nursery Proceedings 1997 Soil Tillage Practices and Root Disease Management

Soil Tillage Practices and Root Disease Management

Field studies were conducted in North Central states nurseries to investigate the soil conditions resulting from operational tillage and their potential effect on root disease development. Compacted soil layers, or hard-pans, were found in pine fields of two nurseries that use rotary tillers after sub-soiling but prior to sowing and use moldboard plows for incorporating cover crop residue. Water flow through undisturbed soil in rotary tiller associated pans (110 to 15-cm depth) was slower than in non-compacted soils above and below the pan and compared to non-compacted areas of the fields. Vertical distribution profiles of soil-borne Fusarium spp. at each of five nurseries reflected the type of tillage implement used to incorporate cover crop material that ultimately served as substrate for fungal population increase. When a moldboard plow was used for incorporation and soil fumigation subsequently conducted, depth of fumigation was found to be inadequate for reducing Fusarium levels below 18 cm in methyl bromide - chloropicrin, metam sodium, and dazomet (when incorporated by rotary tiller) treated fields. Implications of these results to management of root disease in pine fields are discussed.

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Author(s): Jennifer Juzwik, K. M. Gust, Raymond R. Allmaras

Publication: National Nursery Proceedings - 1997

Event: The Northeastern Forest and Nursery Association Conference
1997 - Bemidji, MN